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China's natural rubber one hundred concise memora.

发表日期:2015-03-13   人气:444 

In 1904, Mr Dao AnRen in Singapore, Malaysia to purchase more than 8000 strains of Brazilian rubber west, introduction yingjiang county of yunnan province new city phoenix mountain. In 1906, West 4000 Mr He Lin books imported from Malaysia rubber plant sea song (qionghai) closed bay, Joan reclamation co., LTD., 1911 Liu Jiesheng and others buy rubber seedlings 20000 strains from Singapore, in hainan that big or incomplete plant gum. In 1917, Mr Li Gui 亷 rubber seedlings from Singapore back to guangzhou, from maoming aggie principal Wu Liuxuan to maoming (today), city of gaozhou county, the west bank village of planting; And in 1926 in maoming mansion town ChengWei planting rubber trees 15 strains; In 1940 in maoming aggie 1 strain of these rubber trees only 8 strains from now to 1949. In 1927, Mr Lin Yuren from Thailand back to the rubber seeds to xuwen in guangdong seedling planting. In 1948, Money imitation boat Mr Carry 20000 strains from Thailand rubber seedlings, planting in yunnan xishuangbanna. 1949 national plant gum covers an area of 2800 hectares, 1.2 million strains of rubber trees, including open cut tree about 640000 plants, and an annual output of 199 tons of rubber. In 1950 the Soviet union signed the agreement on joint development of natural rubber. Plan 3 years of planting 8 million mu. In 1951, The central committee of the communist party of China to make "must establish our own rubber production base" of the strategic decisions, decisions in guangdong, guangxi, yunnan, sichuan vigorously cultivate rubber. In 1952, Formation of forestry engineering division, 2 division and an independent regiment, areas of hainan, gaozhou county, leizhou region in west of guangdong province and guangxi hepu, longzhou for plant gum work. Founded in 1954 in guangzhou south China tropical forestry science institute. Our rubber has reached 61900 hectares in 1957, 25.7937 million strains, including open cut area of 453 hectares, 157 tons of rubber production. NongKenBu in 1961 according to the score of the eight central plenary session "adjustment, consolidate, enrich and improve the" feng shui guidelines, in view of the "great leap forward" movement of plant gum, held a national meeting rubber production technology on hainan island, asking each land reclamation plant gum area vigorously promotes the development of speed adjustment, to consolidate the existing plastic garden; Pays special attention to fill out the shortage and in plant and construction of soil and water conservation engineering, good cover crops, scientific fertilization, promoting foreign excellent clones of rubber tree varieties. Plant gum reached 3.176 million hectares in 1965 in China, with an annual output of 18000 tons of rubber. In 1978, Natural rubber in China has reached 360000 hectares. In 1979, Issued by the national administration of land reclamation rubber planting technology procedures (trial draft). Issued by the December NongKenBu natural rubber rubber industry workers technical level standard "and the provisional regulations on the standard rubber production technology. 1983 farming fisheries bor tapping national conference in Beijing, formulated the "tapping economic and technical index", and decided to carry out the selection of national excellent JiaoGong activities every year. 1985 farming fisheries bor issued "on further strengthening the management of the rubber production function", put forward: to improve the technical management agencies; To strengthen technical service and production management, technology cannot ask farm management own wage income, or even to profit; Completes the production technical regulations to carry out the work; Farm worker with rubber contract signed economic contract except in accordance with the provisions, submit products and taxes and fees thereof shall also be enlargement of the young trees, tree injury rate, the strength of tapping, disease rate and other technical and economic indexes and rewards and punishment measure expressly set into the contract; Continue to conduct good JiaoGong appraisal activities. 1987 farming fisheries decided all over the country state-owned, private rubber and other tropical crops production, by farming fisheries bor under centralized management. June farming fisheries department issued the six provinces (district) local state-owned, private rubber and tropical crops in production management symposium summary, on developing the local state-owned, private rubber and hot guidelines, responsibilities and management departments at various levels over the next two years the main work of provisions and arrangements. Held in guangzhou in 1988 farming fisheries bor six provinces (area) of tropical crops layout adjustment and productive experience exchange. The ministry of agriculture held in Beijing in October, according to the "national natural rubber production work forum" in November was "about several problems urgently to be solved in the current China's natural rubber production", wrote a report to the state council. In 1990, General secretary jiang zemin inspected plant gum area of hainan, and make "speed up the garden update construction glue, sustaining rubber development" direction In 1991, Energy in the country is sent [1991] no. 42 of the ministry of agriculture of the state council "about further do a good job in state-owned farms report, in the notice further clear about the state of natural rubber production" should be taken to protect, consolidate the support to improve, the appropriate development "policy. In 1993, Seventh of the state council Wednesday presided by about "China's agricultural development compendium" in the ninety s, the "outline" on strengthening the construction of agricultural commodity production base in "a group of state-owned farms mainly produce cotton sugar rubber construction becomes a professional commercial demonstration base". Again in 1994, the ministry of agriculture to agricultural reclamation is sent [1994] no. 2 to the state council shall submit the "report on consolidating and developing the natural rubber industry", puts forward the strategic targets, principles and major measures for the development of rubber and the national support is required. The state planning commission approved will arrange agricultural reclamation national natural rubber special budget for business investment, to budget allocations Bor in 1996, ministry of agriculture for a "national tapping quality examination project and evaluation standard", the standards include: tapping depth, leather consumption, cutting surface evenly, secant slope, under the knife, knife, cut, tapping speed and the number of biopsy and project standards. In 1997 the ministry of agriculture under the state council to submit "about the urgent to solve the problem of domestic natural rubber backlog instruct". Ask for instructions suggested in countries to take emergency measures as follows: the existing inventory of emergency purchasing and land reclamation area natural rubber; Natural rubber reserve adjustment mechanism; Strict control of imports of natural rubber; Cancel the natural rubber 5% preferential tariff import policy. In 2000 the ministry of agriculture issued the opinions about industrial structure adjustment of hot-work notification (agricultural reclamation is sent [2000] 2), put forward "foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses, play advantage, moderate scale management, further adjusting and optimizing rubber production layout. The optimized adjustment of natural rubber planting area, stable at around 600000 hectares by 2005." The guidelines. In 2001 the ministry of agriculture to agricultural reclamation hair [2001] no. 7 document issued by the "tropical South Asia tropical crops development the tenth five-year plan". For natural rubber on the plant layout gradually to the Midwest in hainan, yunnan xishuangbanna, guangdong province local wind chill lighter rubber transfer for cultivation area. Focus on stable area, promotion of new varieties, to speed up the upgrading the old glue garden, consolidated enhancement, appropriate development. At the same time, adjust the layout optimization of rubber processing, accelerate industrial upgrading. In 2003, The natural rubber planting area of 9.9 million mu, annual output of 560000 tons of dry glue. Foshan city, southern rubber and plastic co., LTD., specializing in the production of all kinds of rubber moulded products, rubber products, rubber foaming products, thermoplastic elastomer products, soft PVC extrusion products, thermoplastic elastomer products, and high voltage resistance silicone rubber insulated wire and cable, etc. Welcome all the business partners to inquire.
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